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The Internet and its associated networks have become increasingly important for economic growth, openness and democracy. Consequently, cybersecurity and cyber defence have become prominent issues for governments and international organisations worldwide.

However, cybersecurity remains a contested concept. It defies easy definition, spanning a complex mix of legal, organisational, technical, educational and policy means that, together, ensure the protection of cyberspace and its assets, people and processes.

Governments, defence organisations, civil society and the private sector therefore all seek to navigate a complex composition of roles and responsibilities, policy and legal issues, and skills and resources that cut across the civilian and military cyber domains.